Hanover (RP). Robert Enke has suffered for years from the mental disorder. It was treated with medicines. Experts appreciate that four million German suffer from depression. Often they are the reason of suicide.
People illnesses make before athletes not simply. Also depressions stand in the arenas of the trained, robust and successful in the sick document of the treating physicians. The difference to other sorrows: None speaks about that. A tunnel in which from outside no one looks in, and it is is the depression as an illness far more than an only a November blues.
Another difference, about to pain phenomena: Hardly one can imagine, issued like it a depressive unless, it experienced depression itself. It concerns one “affective interference” that partially hereditarily is and combines several symptoms. Information
The power of the family
Psychoanalysts consider the depression to be an expression of aggression against the self, whose roots in the families of the become ill is to be seen, where children must adapt themselves too strongly the needs of the parents.
Enkes family counted as extremely sporting and performance-related. Its father, by profession psychotherapist, was successful 400-Meter-Läufer.
Depressive suffer from brood compulsion, unrest, drive inhibition, mood narrow, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, sadness. Depressive live frequently in disguise before the world. In Robert Enke, that was the case. Only dedicated know the true size of the illness that passes and recurs (Rezidiv) frequently in phases. Experts appreciate that that of the about 12,000 suicide are committed per year in Germany by persons, who suffer from depression.
In Enke, the illness seems early recognized, at the latest for its time in the FC Barcelona. Enke took antidepressants. Herewith it concerns medicines, that interfere in the brain metabolism; that is disturbed in the very most depressive. Antidepressants provide that certain messenger materials and neurotransmitter such as the “good fortune hormone” serotonin are more long available at its cause place. That applies above all to medicines out of the group of the “selective serotonins resumption inhibitors”.
That Düsseldorfer medicine sociologist Johannes Siegrist the model of the “gratification crisis” developed according to what manifold illnesses emerge, if an employee attains achievement high, that the employer lauds however hardly or not at all. This imbalance between high claim from within and weak encouragement from outside leads frequently to heart illnesses, but also to depression.
Is certain that this crisis also well earning top athletes can encounter. Who in its active life frequently setbacks, insult or non-recognition register must because it is banished about again and again on the replacement bank, can develop mental disorders. Therapists would say: No one can praise herself so often even that it balances the depreciation experienced from outside of the own competence. Quotations
Our readers to death of Robert Enke say took themselves that the soccer national goalkeeper on the 10th November 2009 itself life. We assembled reader voices to its suicide. more
Frequently persons who give himself deliberately controlled disguise, its sensitiveness and also its stress. Just chronic stress releases however depression, one knows that out of laboratory analyses. In the blood and urine, one more depressively finds often clearly increased concentrations of the stress hormone Cortisol. It becomes overstrained formed Stimulation of the axis between areas of the brain and the adrenal cortex with them through one. The so to speak unceasingly firing neurochemistry provides for an increased excitement level, that is softened by those medicines again.
Nevertheless, its effect is not can suffer purely symptomatic, healthy it that. That succeeds only in a psychotherapy or psychoanalysis, at times in a special clinic. Many depressive fear this way into the clinic because through it its disease could become public. Also on Enke, this fear weighed. Its suicide the last way seemed to it to get rid of all anxieties finally.