A320 Crash: The Co-Pilot Wanted the World To Know His Name — (Actualité24.com)

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L’Actualité24.com

March 28, 2015

According to a former girlfriend, co-pilot Andreas Lubitz wanted everyone to know his name.  Mary W. is quoted in the German newspaper Bild: “When I heard about the accident, I remembered a phrase that he used:  “One day I will do something that will change the system and then everyone will know my name and remember it.”

“He spoke little about his illness”

“At the time I did not understood what he meant, but now it’s clear,” says the stewardess, 26, who had an affair in 2014 with the pilot of the Lufthansa budget subsidiary.

“He did not talk much about his illness, saying only that he was in psychiatric treatment,” she continued.

Off work due to depression

Reportedly, Andreas Lubitz was off work due to depression March 16 to 29. He hid his illness from his employer by not handing in the documentation [from his physician] to his superiors.  He therefore should not have been flying on the day of the crash.  Prosecutors in Düsseldorf confirmed that “a doctor’s note, dated the day of the tragic events, which was torn up, indicated his incapacity for work, and support the hypothesis that he hid his illness from his employer and his co-workers. ”

Antidepressants found at his Home

According to our sources, German investigators found antidepressants in the home of Andreas Lubitz, the first officer who deliberately crashed Airbus A320 last Tuesday. His medical records were also seized by the police.

These developments place the personality of the co-pilot Andreas Lubitz, 28, at the heart of the investigation. He joined Lufthansa in 2013 and had only 630 hours of flying time since he completed his training.

 “Clues”

Thursday night, German investigators searched  Andreas Lubitz’s apartment in Düsseldorf , and his parents’ home in Montabaur, where he lived part of the time.  Someone, whose face was hidden by a coat, accompanied investigators.  Security forces also took the CPU of a computer, as well as two large blue bags and a full carton.  Marcel Fiebig, spokesman for the Düsseldorf police, talked about the search. “We seized clues.  These are various objects and documents,” he stated.  “We’ll see if (the seized clues) provide definite evidence. We have to study everything,” he said.

Investigators also heard from his former girlfriend who explained that [Lubitz] had been battling depression for 6 years.

Suicide?

The hypothesis of suicide is most likely at this stage of the investigation.  No evidence has been found so far, such as a suicide note, that indicates the act was premeditated.

On Friday, March 27, Manuel Valls said on iTélé that “everything supports the hypothesis of a deliberate act of the co-pilot, even though “we have to wait for the outcome of the investigation”, this seems like a “crazy, incomprehensible, horrible act”.  “How can we imagine that a pilot, who people trust –  many look up to them as heroes –  could be capable of closing the cockpit door to prevent the pilot from returning to the cabin, and steering the plane into the mountain?” Manuel Valls continued.

Andreas Lubitz had passed all the psychological tests required by Lufthansa.  So how could he fly on antidepressants when this is forbidden?    There are flaws in how the medical status of pilots is monitored.

A New Look at Safety

This Germanwings crash raises many security issues. The European Aviation Safety Agency recommends that there always be two people in the cockpit.  Five companies already enforce this policy:  Air France, Air Transat Canada, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Icelandair and Easyjet.

Since the 2001 attacks, cockpit security has been strengthened.  The doors cannot be opened from the outside except with a code that only the pilot and co-pilot know. However, there is also a latch which can lock the cockpit security door from the inside.  It is this feature that may have prevented the pilot from re-entering the cockpit before the crash.

Normal conversation During the Early Part of the Flight

The first black box recovered at the scene of the accident on March 25 revealed the situation of a deliberate crash caused by the first officer.

Airbuses carry two black boxes. One records the technical parameters of the flight, the second records conversations and all the sounds that occur inside the cockpit.  It is this second that has been found and analyzed.

At the beginning of the flight both drivers can be heard conversing normally in German.  Around 10:30 am, the captain left the cockpit, probably to go to the toilet.

The driver then tried to get back into the cockpit, but the door was locked.  He banged on the door, and could be heard shouting the name of the co-pilot, ordering him: “Andreas, open the door, open the door!”.  He then went all out and tried to break the door down with an ax, without success.  Because they recognized the captain’s voice shouting, the investigators were able to determine which of the two pilots was in control of the aircraft at the time of the crash, according to a source close to the investigation.

“Wilful Destruction”

The first officer deliberately set the autopilot to a controlled descent, which can only be interpreted as a “wilful plan to destroy” the aircraft, said the prosecutor on Thursday, March 26.  Brice Robin said that he had not answered any of the communications from traffic control and that he had uttered no words.  But, he added, the sound of his breathing is audible throughout the last phase of the flight, which means that the first officer was alive.

Listen to the whole interview given by Brice Robin .

Investigation continues

Investigators working at the scene of the crash are trying to find the second black box and identify the bodies removed from the mountain, by bringing families to the crash site Thursday afternoon .  The long, tortuous work of body identification will probably take several weeks because no bodies were recovered intact .

The Families of the Victims are Caught Between Grief and Anger

The families of the victims, mostly German and Spanish , will gather on March 26 in the crash area.  Overcome with grief, they are also consumed by anger at the thought that one man could have determined the fate of their loved ones this way.

 

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Crash A320 : le copilote voulait que le monde connaisse son nom

L’Actualité24.com

28 mars, 2015

Selon une ancienne petite amie du copilote, Andreas Lubitz voulait que tout le monde connaisse son nom. Mary W. déclare dans le quotidien allemand Bild : “Lorsque j’ai appris cet accident, je me suis souvenue d’une phrase qu’il avait prononcée: ‘Un jour, je ferai quelque chose qui changera le système et alors tout le monde connaîtra mon nom et s’en souviendra”.

“Il parlait peu de sa maladie”

“Je n’ai pas compris alors ce qu’il avait voulu dire, mais aujourd’hui, c’est clair”, poursuit cette hôtesse de l’air de 26 ans qui a eu une liaison avec le pilote de la filiale low-cost de la Lufthansa en 2014.
“Il ne parlait pas beaucoup de sa maladie, disait seulement qu’il était en traitement psychiatrique”, poursuit-elle.

En arrêt de travail pour dépression

Selon nos informations, Andreas Lubitz était en arrêt de travail pour dépression du 16 au 29 mars. Il avait caché sa maladie à son employeur en ne remettant pas le document à ses supérieurs. Il n’aurait donc pas dû voler le jour du crash. Le parquet de Düsseldorf a confirmé que “des certificats d’incapacité de travail, qui ont été déchirés, qui étaient récents et même datés pour le jour des faits, appuient l’hypothèse qu’il a caché sa maladie à son employeur et à ses collègues de travail.”

Des antidépresseurs retrouvés

Toujours selon nos informations, les enquêteurs allemands ont retrouvé au domicile d’Andreas Lubitz, le copilote qui a délibérement crashé l’Airbus A320 mardi dernier, des antidrépresseurs. Son dossier médical a également été saisi par la police.

Ces nouveaux éléments placent la personnalité du copilote, Andreas Lubitz, 28 ans, au cœur de l’enquête. Il était entré chez Lufthansa en 2013 et ne comptait que 630 heures de vol à son actif depuis la fin de sa formation.

“Des indices”

Les enquêteurs allemands ont fouillé jeudi soir les deux domiciles d’Andreas Lubitz, à Düsseldorf où il avait un appartement et à Montabaur, où il vivait une partie du temps chez ses parents. Une personne, le visage caché sous un manteau, en est sortie avec les enquêteurs. Les forces de l’ordre sont également reparties avec l’unité centrale d’un ordinateur, ainsi que deux grands sacs bleus et un carton visiblement pleins. Le porte-parole de la police de Düsseldorf, Marcel Fiebig, s’est exprimé sur ces perquisitions. “On a saisi des indices. Il s’agit de divers objets et papiers”, a-t-il raconté. “On verra si (les indices saisis) apportent finalement des éléments de preuve. On va étudier tout cela”, a-t-il précisé.

Les enquêteurs ont également entendu son ancienne petite amie qui a expliqué que l’homme suivait depuis 6 ans un traitement pour lutter contre sa dépression.

Un suicide ?

L’hypothèse du suicide est la plus plausible à ce stade des investigations. Quant à savoir si son geste était prémédité, aucune lettre d’adieu ni aucun indice en ce sens n’ont été retrouvés.

Manuel Valls a déclaré vendredi 27 mars sur iTélé que “tout s’orient(ait)” vers l’hypothèse d’un acte délibéré du copilote, même si “nous devons attendre la fin de l’enquête”, évoquant un “geste fou, incompréhensible, horrible”. “Comment peut-on imaginer qu’un pilote en qui on a toute confiance -ce sont des héros pour beaucoup- précipite, après avoir fermé la porte ou empêché le pilote de rentrer dans la cabine, l’avion dans la montagne ?”, a poursuivi Manuel Valls.

Andreas Lubitz avait validé tous les tests psychologiques de la Lufthansa. Mais comment  pouvait-il voler sous antidépresseurs alors que cela est interdit ?

Il existerait des failles dans le suivi médical des pilotes :

Nouvelles consignes de sécurité

Ce crash de la Germanwings posent évidemment bien des questions de sécurité. L’Agence européenne de la sécurité aérienne recommande désormais la présence constante de deux personnes dans le cockpit. Cinq compagnies ont d’ores et déjà décidé d’appliquer la mesure : Air France, la canadienne Air Transat, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Icelandair et Easyjet.

Depuis les attentats de 2001, la sécurité du cockpit a été renforcée. Les portes ne peuvent plus être ouvertes de l’extérieur sauf par un digicode que seuls le pilote et son co-pilote connaissent. En revanche, il y a également un loquet qui permet de verrouiller la porte blindée de l’intérieur du cockpit. C’est donc ce dispositif qui a sans doute empêché l’ouverture du cockpit avant le crash.

Conversation normale en début de vol

C’est l’examen de la première boîte noire recueillie sur les lieux de l’accident le 25 mars qui met en lumière le scenario du crash délibérément provoqué par le copilote.

Un Airbus emporte à son bord deux boîtes noires. L’une enregistre les paramètres techniques du vol, la seconde grave les conversations et tous les éléments sonores qui se produisent à l’intérieur du cockpit. C’est cette seconde qui a été retrouvée et analysée.

On y entend les deux pilotes converser normalement en allemand, au début du vol. Vers 10h30, le commandant de bord quitte le cockpit, sans doute pour se rendre aux toilettes.

Le pilote a tenté ensuite d’entrer de nouveau dans le cockpit, mais la porte était bloquée. Il a essayé de la débloquer, criant le prénom du copilote. “Andreas, ouvre cette porte, ouvre cette porte !”, lui a-t-il intimé. Il a, à coups de hâche, tenté le tout pour le tout, sans succès. C’est ainsi que les enquêteurs ont identifié, grâce aux cris du commandant de bord, lequel des deux était aux commandes de l’avion au moment du crash, selon une source proche de l’enquête.

“Une volonté de détruire”

Le copilote a actionné volontairement les commandes de descente, de façon qui peut être analysée “comme une volonté de détruire” l’avion, a expliqué jeudi 26 mars le procureur. Brice Robin a précisé qu’il n’avait répondu à aucune des sollicitations du contrôle aérien et qu’il n’avait prononcé aucun mot. Mais, a-t-il ajouté, un bruit de respiration est audible pendant toute la dernière phase du vol, ce qui signifie que le copilote était vivant.

Ecoutez toutes les informations données par Brice Robin.

Les recherches continuent

Les enquêteurs qui travaillent sur les lieux du crash tentent de retrouver la deuxième boîte noire et d’identifier les corps évacués de la montagne, grâce à des prélèvements effectués sur les familles jeudi après-midi. Le long, très long travail d’identification des corps prendra probablement plusieurs semaines car aucun corps n’a été retrouvé intact.

Les familles des vicitmes entre deuil et colère

Les familles des victimes, notamment allemandes ou espagnoles, se recueillent depuis le 26 mars dans la région du crash. Endeuillées, elles sont aussi gagnées par la colère à l’idée qu’un homme seul a fait basculer le destin des leurs.

 

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The Wall Street Journal – Europe News

Andrea Thomas

Updated March 27, 2015 8:13 a.m.

Evidence collected at his apartment did not include suicide note or indication of motive

BERLIN—The Germanwings co-pilot who appeared to intentionally crash an airliner into a French mountainside this week, killing himself and 149 passengers and crew, received a note from a doctor excusing him from work but apparently tore it up, a German prosecutor said Friday.

The prosecutor said evidence collected in a search of Andreas Lubitz’ Düsseldorf apartment on Thursday afternoon did not include a suicide note and gave no indication of a political or religious motive for his apparent decision to crash the plane.
“However documents were confiscated that contained medical information indicating an existing medical treatment,” the Düsseldorf prosecutor said in a statement.Documents found in the apartment showed that Mr. Lubitz received a note from his doctor for the day of the incident excusing him from work, but that he tore up the note and did not inform Lufthansa about his condition, according to the prosecutor’s statement.“Doctor’s notes that were found that were current and for the day of the incident support the assumption, based on a preliminary evaluation, that the deceased concealed his illness from his employer and work environment,” the prosecutor said in the statement. Earlier, Germany’s Federal Aviation Office said that Mr. Lubitz had a medical condition noted in his pilot’s medical certificate, but the spokesman couldn’t say whether the record was related to his mental or physical health because the information was confidential.Mr. Lubitz’s record was last set in July 2014. The medical certificate gets updated annually, according to spokesman Holger Kasperski.
Lead French prosecutor Brice Robin said on Thursday he suspected Mr. Lubitz locked the captain out of the cockpit, programmed the A320’s descent and slammed it into an alpine ridge at 400 miles an hour with a “willingness to destroy this aircraft.”
His employer and people who knew him said Mr. Lubitz was a quiet man who had a passion for gliders and competitive running. Mr. Lubitz had joined the LSC Westerwald flying club in Montabaur, his hometown, when he was about 14 and started gliding as a teen in the gentle hills around Montabaur, club members said. Situated just outside Montabaur, the flight club is a modest but well-kept building that includes a hangar and a club room with plain wooden chairs, a bar and long tables.

“He was a quiet person…not someone who tried to be the center of attention,” the club’s Mr. Rücker said.

Jörg Kämpflein—a flight club board member who has been with the club since 1993—said he was “surprised, astonished” by the allegations surrounding Mr. Lubitz. These, he said, “in no way” fitted his personality. Klaus Radke, president of the club, said Mr. Lubitz had renewed his pilot’s license to fly alone when he last visited.

 

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Germanwings Crash Raises Questions About Shifting Ideas of Pilot Fitness — (New York Times)