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The Chicago Tribune
January 3, 2018, 10:38 AM | DENVER
By Dan Elliott, Associated Press
The gunman who killed a Colorado sheriff’s deputy escaped from the mental health ward of a VA hospital in Wyoming in 2014 but was located and returned, according to a Veterans Affairs document obtained by The Associated Press Tuesday.
The document was provided to the AP by a congressional aide on condition of anonymity because the aide was not authorized to release it. The document was first reported by The Denver Post.
The gunman, Matthew Riehl, fatally shot Douglas County Deputy Zackari Parrish and wounded four other officers on Sunday, Colorado authorities said. Riehl was killed by a SWAT team.
The VA document said Riehl was hospitalized at the veterans medical center in Sheridan, Wyoming, in April 2014 after a psychotic episode. The document said he escaped but was found and brought back.
The VA issued a statement saying it “cannot ordinarily discuss the specific care of any veteran without a privacy release.” A spokeswoman for the Sheridan VA hospital did not respond to an after-hours phone message and email.
In addition to Riehl’s hospitalization in Sheridan, the VA document said he had an “urgent contact for mental health” with another VA facility in July 2015. It did not describe the nature of the contact or say where that facility was, but it was in the department’s Eastern Colorado Health Care System, which includes a hospital in Denver and nine clinics in other cities.
The document said Riehl was on multiple medications in 2015 stemming from an earlier hospitalization, but it did not say what those medications were or why they had been prescribed.
The document identified Riehl as an Army veteran who was honorably discharged. It said his records did not list any military service-related psychiatric disorders.
Colorado authorities said Riehl served in Iraq.
Officials said Riehl, 37, was armed with a rifle and ambushed the officers at his apartment in Highlands Ranch, 16 miles (28 kilometers) south of Denver.
Four deputies, including Parrish, were shot in the initial gunfire. A police officer was wounded later.
This undated photo released by the Douglas County Sheriff’s Office shows Matthew Riehl. (AP)
The wounded officers managed to get away but had to leave Parrish behind because of their injuries and the ongoing gunfire. Two people in nearby apartment units were also wounded.
The SWAT team arrived about 1 ½ hours after the confrontation began, and Riehl was killed in a gunfight. Authorities said Riehl fired more than 100 rounds during the prolonged standoff.
Before the shooting, Riehl made videos showing himself calling 911 and then opening his apartment door and talking to responding officers.
The footage , livestreamed on Periscope, was obtained by Denver’s KUSA-TV. The station broadcast clips from two videos in which Riehl says he would not hurt anyone except to defend himself before calling authorities.
“Maybe I bought over 1,000 rounds of ammunition from Walmart. It’s not illegal,” he says.
When authorities arrive at Riehl’s suburban Denver apartment, the footage shows him talking to at least two officers, telling them he wants to file an emergency restraining order against his domestic partner. He is upset when one officer offers to give him a phone number to call, and leaves the doorway to go back into a room.
At another point, Riehl is seen holding a glass in his hand and says he’s had two scotches. He is heard saying that drinking would help him defend himself if someone bothers him.
The TV station said Douglas County Sheriff Tony Spurlock verified the authenticity of the videos and said the 911 call made by Riehl was the second one from his apartment in Highlands Ranch on Sunday.
The first 911 call was made by Riehl’s roommate, who told authorities Riehl was acting strangely and might be having a mental breakdown. Responding deputies to that call found no evidence of a crime and left.
The footage shows the shooting but the station did not air that footage. A clip purporting to show it has been posted elsewhere online.
Riehl, an attorney, previously posted videos criticizing Colorado law enforcement officers in profane, highly personal terms.
Riehl attended the Wyoming College of Law in Laramie. Law college students had been warned about Riehl because he criticized law professors in social media posts.
A Nov. 6 email from Assistant College of Law Dean Lindsay Hoyt told students to notify campus police if they spotted Riehl or his car near campus, according to KTWO-AM in Casper, Wyoming. In addition, security on campus was increased for several days.
Campus officers called police in Lone Tree, Colorado, in mid-November to warn them about Riehl, suggesting his rants were indicative of mental illness, UW Police Chief Mike Samp told The Denver Post.
Samp said it’s possible that Colorado authorities faced the same issue as Wyoming officials when an apparently mentally ill, dangerous person makes indirect threats.
Riehl was licensed as a lawyer for five years in Wyoming and voluntarily gave up his license in 2016, said Wyoming Bar Association executive director Sharon Wilkinson.
He practiced at a law firm in the small city of Rawlins and later opened his own practice but withdrew from the bar in October 2016, making him ineligible to practice law in the state, Wilkinson said. That’s the same year records indicate he moved back to Colorado.
Wilkinson says the bar received no complaints about Riehl.
Associated Press writer Colleen Slevin contributed to this report.
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There were numerous mental health warnings leading up to the Douglas County deputy shootings. Why wasn’t the gunman hospitalized? — (The Denver Post)
By John Ingold | email@example.com and Noelle Phillips | firstname.lastname@example.org | The Denver Post
PUBLISHED: January 8, 2018 at 6:00 am | UPDATED: January 8, 2018 at 6:12 am
Prosecutor says Matthew Riehl didn’t meet the criteria for an involuntary hold
For the man who killed a Douglas County sheriff’s deputy and wounded six other people, the warning signs were abundant.
Provided by Douglas County Sheriff’s Office Matthew Riehl
At various points over the past three years, Matthew Riehl’s parents, friends who served with him in the Wyoming National Guard, professors at his former law school and law enforcement officers in two states all expressed concern about his mental health, according to official documents and interviews. His mother told police last year that he had stopped taking medication for bipolar and post-traumatic stress disorders. A sheriff’s deputy and a mental health professional went to his apartment last month and had the door slammed in their faces.
But, despite those concerns, Riehl was not placed on an emergency mental health hold in recent years and was not apparently receiving treatment of any kind when deputies arrived at his doorstep on New Year’s Eve morning. The last attempt to intervene came from the sheriff’s deputy he killed that day, Zackari Parrish, who said, “Let me help you. Please,” just before Riehl began shooting, according to the Douglas County sheriff.
“With this guy, nothing I saw or heard on YouTube made this guy eligible for (a mental health) hold,” said George Brauchler, the district attorney for Douglas County.
The reason has a little bit to do with the language of Colorado’s mental health hold law, which — despite recent enhancements — can still make it difficult to define exactly when someone qualifies for a hold, one expert said. But the situation mostly points to a larger problem for mental health services in Colorado, which are overwhelmed by patients in need.
“At some point,” said Andrew Romanoff, the president and CEO of the advocacy group Mental Health Colorado, “we should say, ‘What can we do to prevent a condition from becoming a crisis?’ ”
Riehl’s condition was well documented.
In 2014, four years after serving as a medic in the Wyoming National Guard during a deployment to Kuwait, Riehl was hospitalized at a veterans mental health facility in Wyoming. He escaped and was brought back on a 72-hour involuntary hold. Veterans Affairs records contain other references to attempts at mental health treatment in the following years.
So, too, do law enforcement records. During a welfare check last year, Riehl’s mother told a Lone Tree officer that her son stopped taking his psychiatric medications in February, according to a Douglas County investigative document obtained by The Denver Post through a records request. Specially trained crisis-intervention officers attempted to reach out to him. A retired behavioral health officer who knew Riehl from the Wyoming National Guard told The Post that he, also, tried to connect Riehl with help last year, only to receive in reply a string of bizarre text messages.
“To the extent that Matthew is both willing and able to accept Mental Health assistance, again, one can only guess,” Douglas County sheriff’s Detective Phil Domenico wrote in a report in November.
Colorado, along with most other states, sets a high bar for when someone can be held involuntarily for mental health reasons. To be eligible, a person must be an imminent danger to themselves or others or so gravely disabled by mental illness that they cannot feed or care for themselves. Only a law enforcement officer or a licensed medical or mental health professional can make the decision to place someone on a hold. A family member cannot.
Recent changes to the law have created better definitions around the risk to others — the law requires “evidence of recent homicidal or other violent behavior by the person in question” or a concern that people might be harmed, “as evidenced by a recent overt act, attempt, or threat to do serious physical harm by the person in question.” The law in Wyoming, where Riehl lived for a time, uses similar language.
But Moe Keller, the vice president of public policy and strategic initiatives at Mental Health Colorado, said the definition of “imminent” is still up to interpretation in Colorado. Does it require someone to say they plan to shoot someone? To actually have a gun? To be holding that gun?
“As a result, every law enforcement agency around makes their best judgment call on what is imminent,” she said.
Last fiscal year, 37,771 people were placed on mental health holds in Colorado, said Camille Harding, the head of Community Behavioral Health at Colorado’s Department of Human Services. Some people were placed on more than one, meaning there were a total of 52,661 involuntary 72-hour holds, and that may actually understate the true count.
Harding said those numbers are only from facilities designated to accept someone experiencing a mental health emergency — mostly large hospitals and mental health clinics. But new reporting requirements aim to get a broader picture by including currently unreported people who are taken to freestanding emergency rooms or other such facilities.
In the 2016 fiscal year, 34,948 people were placed on a total of 39,271 involuntary holds.
The vast majority of people placed on a hold are not violent toward others, but are instead suicidal, Harding said.
And mental health holds are really a last resort. Both mental health advocates and those concerned about civil liberties have cautioned against expanding them.
“Having a mental illness is not against the law,” Keller said. “It’s not a crime. So the great majority of people who have a mental illness do not deserve to be picked up by the police.”
The real cure for the problem, say both mental health workers and law enforcement, is greater access to early treatment.
Chris Johnson, the former sheriff of Otero County who is now the executive director of the County Sheriffs of Colorado association, said the state in recent years has been 2,500 beds short of where it needs to be in order to treat the mentally ill in facilities across the state. A recent report by Mental Health America ranked Colorado 43rd in the nation for treating mental illness.
A law passed last year made millions of dollars available to expand access in rural areas. Millions more were provided to expand training for law enforcement and pair up mental health responders with beat cops.
Johnson said he is optimistic those changes will help. But the overall challenge still remains enormous.
“The mental health hold system had nothing to do with that,” he said of the shooting. “I think what we suffer from in this state and across the rest of the country is the severe lack of the resources for people with mental health crises.”